Kees Uljé Coprinus site

Coprinus erythrocephalus (Lév) Fr. - (NL: Oranje inktzwam, 026.23.0)

Coprinus erythrocephalus Fr., Hymenomycetes Europaei (1874) 327; Agaricus erythrocephalus Lév., Ann. Sci. Nat., Series 2, 16 (1841) 237.
Misappl. Coprinus diletus Fr. s. J. Lange, Dansk bot. Arkiv. 2 (1915) 36, 40 and Fl. agar. Dan. 4 (1939) 109.
Selected icons. Bender & Enderle, Z. Mykol. 54 (1988) between 48 and 49; Cetto, Funghi Vero 6 (1989) pl. 2170; Donelli & Simonini, Rev. Mycol. 2 (1995) 126; J. Lange, Fl. agar. Dan. 4 (1939) pl. 157A.

[Copyright © by Hans Bender]

  Pileus 10-20(-25) x 5-10 when still closed, up to 30(-40) mm when expanded, first ellipsoid or ovoid, than campanulate to convex, finally flat, brown (Mu. 7.5 YR 4/2-5/2) beneath the rust-coloured or orange-red veil (Mu. 5 YR 5/8, 7.5 YR 5/8-4/6), that dissapear soon and often forms a slimy layer on wet conditions. Lamellae (number of lamellae not noted) first whitish with rust-coloured edge, soon brown to blackish. Stipe up to 100 x 2-4 mm, white, sometimes with pinkish tinge, upper part white floccose, lower part covered with orange, rust-coloured veil, dense at base; base up to 5 mm, somewhat rooting and with white mycel. Smell weak, indistinct or somewhat after apricot (coll. v.d. Aa 10161).
  Spores [320/16/16] 7.7-13.2 x 5.0-7.8 µm, ellipsoid or ovoid with conical or (sometimes) rounded base and rounded or somewhat truncate apex, and central, c. 1.8 µm wide germ pore; Q = 1.45-1.90, av. Q = 1.55-1.70; av. L = 8.7-12.0, av. B = 5.3-7.6 µm, dark red-brown. Basidia 16-34 x 8-10 µm, 4-spored, surrounded by 3-6 pseudoparaphyses. Pleurocystidia 80-130 x 25-40 µm, ellipsoid, oblong, subcylindric or (sub)utriform.Cheilocystidia 30-50 x 15-25 µm, subglobose, ellipsoid, less frequent oblong, subcylindricor (sub)utriform. Pileipellis hyphoid. Veil made up of cylindrical, 3-20 µm wide elementsand strongly incrusted. Incrustations of veil and cystidia yellowish or orange-brownpigmented. Clamp-connections present.

Habitat & distribution

  Not common, usually gregarious on heaps of wood-chips or vegetable refuse, often at pieces of wood or in grass amidst Urtica.

Copyright © by Kees Uljé
Edited for the Web with help from Marek Snowarski Fungi of Poland site